Enzymes are proteins that catalyze enzyme reactions.
Enzyme efficacy is influenced by nonspecific variables (i.e., pH, temperature, and concentration).
Enzyme inhibitors (i.e., organic chemicals, inorganic metal, or biosynthetic compounds) reduce or completely inhibit enzyme catalytic action via interactions with the enzyme active site.
- The genetic code is in DNA.
- DNA provides the template for DNA replication.
- Nucleotides are the building blocks of DNA.
- Enzymes facilitate the synthesis of DNA.
- mRNA is the intermediary that carries genetic information outside the nucleus.
- DNA provides the template for RNA transcription.
- Nucleotides are the building blocks of RNA molecules.
- Enzymes facilitate the synthesis of RNA.
- Dominant and recessive traits are inherited and passed on to offspring.
- There are three types of dominance.
- Gametes combine to give the offspring a full complement of chromosomes, with half coming from each parent, allowing for genetic recombination with each new generation.